Opel Vectra A

since 1988-1995 of release

Repair and car operation



Vektr A. Opel
- 1. Maintenance instruction
   Key
   Steering wheel
   Seat belt
   Rear-view mirrors
   Seats
   Ignition lock
   Governing bodies and control devices
   Control lamps of a combination of devices
   Devices
   Control lamps
   Double information display
   Board computer
   Body elements
   Safety
   Lighting
   Windows, hatch
   Heating and ventilation
   Conditioner
   Automatic transmission
   Instructions on driving
   Filling
   Catalyst
   Control lamp of electronic system of the engine
   Exhaust system, exhaust gases
   Full drive
   HARDWARE system (Traction Control)
   Wheels and tires
   Antisliding chains
   Car identification
   Parameters of engines
   Running parameters
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   + Weekly checks and service in a way
   Operational materials and liquids
+ 1.1 Maintenance
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Repair of DOHC engines
+ 4. Repair of the diesel engine
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. A fuel and exhaust system of models with system of injection of fuel
+ 8. Exhaust system and system of fall of toxicity of exhaust gases
+ 9. Fuel systems of the diesel engine
+ 10. Engine electrosystems
+ 11. Transmission
+ 12. Mechanical transmission
+ 13. Automatic transmission
+ 14. Power shafts
+ 15. Brake system
+ 16. Suspension bracket
+ 17. Body
+ 18. Electric equipment
+ 19. Check of malfunctions



Instructions on driving

GENERAL INFORMATION

Never move nakaty with the idle engine. Many units thus do not work (for example, signaling devices, the amplifier of a brake drive, the amplifier of the steering mechanism, system of airbags of safety). You subject in danger of and other participants of movement.

Amplifier of a brake drive

At the idle engine the amplifier of a brake drive stops the action after the 2nd - 3-fold pressing a brake pedal. Thus brake action does not decrease, however, the bigger effort is required by pressing a brake pedal.

The steering mechanism with the amplifier

If the amplifier of a steering drive refuses, for example, during towage with the idle engine, the car continues to be operated the application of big efforts, however, is demanded.

Movement in mountain conditions, trailer towage

The fan of system of cooling – electrodriving. Therefore, its efficiency does not depend on frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine. At high frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine a lot of heat is allocated, at low - respectively it is less.

Therefore, when overcoming liftings not to switch to lower transfer until the car in a condition quietly to master lifting on higher transfer.

Diesel engine: on liftings with a bias in 10 % and more not to exceed speed of movement on the 1st transfer - 30 km/h, on the 2nd - 50 km/h.

Movement with load of a roof

Not to exceed a permissible load on a roof. For safety reasons evenly to distribute and reliably to fix cargo fixing belts. To finish pressure in tires to the value specified for full loading. Not to exceed speed of 120 km/h. More often to check and tighten fastening.

Engine stop

At very high temperature of cooling liquid, for example, after driving in mountain conditions: let's to the engine work on idling about 2 minutes that there was no stagnation of heat.

After an engine stop the fan of the engine can continue some time the work for cooling of knots of the engine.

Mode of compulsory idling

During a mode of compulsory idling supply of fuel is automatically disconnected, for example, during driving under a bias or when braking. During a mode of compulsory idling not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel worked.

Frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine

In all road conditions to operate the car in an optimum range of frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.

Engine warming up

To warm up the engine at car movement, instead of on idling. Not „to give full gas", not to be established yet working temperature.

After start-up of the cold engine the automatic transmission is switched to higher transfers only at bigger frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine. Thus, the catalyst quickly heats up to the temperature demanded for optimum process of reduction of harmful substances.

Timely gear shifting

On idling and the lowest transfers do not lead up frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine to too high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps, and also driving with frequent stops increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.

Switching on the lowest transfer

• At decrease in speed to switch to lower transfer, not to revolve coupling at the increased frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine. It is especially important during movement in mountain conditions.


Coupling

• To press a coupling pedal at full capacity, to prevent difficulties at gear shifting and not to damage a transmission. Around pedals there should be no rugs.
• Do not use a coupling pedal in the course of driving as a support for a foot, the accelerated wear of disks of coupling otherwise is possible.

Safety of the storage battery

• During driving on small speed or stops, for example, at movement in the city, during short-term trips and stoppages, whenever possible to disconnect consumers of the electric power (glass heating, additional headlights etc.).
• At start-up of the engine to switch off coupling to avoid resistance of idling of a transmission, to unload a starter and the storage battery.

Economy of fuel

Engine warming up

• „Full gas" or engine warming up idling promote the strengthened wear of the engine and fuel consumption increase.
• After engine start at once to get under way from a place. To warm up the engine on average frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.

Uniform speed

• The turbulent character of driving promotes significant increase in fuel consumption.
• Avoid unnecessary processes of acceleration and braking.
• As it is possible go by the last transfer more often, during movement in the city often at speed of 50 km/h it is possible to include the 4th transfer.
• At speed from 50 to 80 km/h the expense on the 4th transfer approximately for 25 % is less than fuel, than on the 3rd.
• At speed from 70 to 90 km/h the expense on the 5th transfer approximately for 15 % is less than fuel, than on the 4th.
• Switch as soon as possible to the following transfer, and on bottom only when already there is no faultless course of the engine.

Idling

• The engine consumes fuel and when idling.
• Already during stops more than 1 minute it is meaningful to stop the engine. Five minutes of operation of the engine on idling correspond to one kilometer of a way.

Mode of compulsory idling

• During a mode of compulsory idling supply of fuel is automatically disconnected, e.g., during movement under a bias or when braking.
• During this mode not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel for fuel consumption reduction worked.

In due time switch transfers

• High values of frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.
• Do not lead up frequency of rotation to high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.
• Management according to indications of a tachometer helps to save fuel. Try to operate on each transfer the car at small frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine (a comment between 2000и 3000 rpm) and with uniform speed.

High speed

• The speed of movement is higher, the fuel consumption is higher. At movement „on full gas" you spend a lot of fuel.
• The insignificant otpuskaniye of a pedal of an accelerator leads to considerable economy of fuel without considerable reduction of speed.
• If you go with the speed equal only 3/4 maximum, you save, without considerable losses in time, to 50 % of fuel.

Pressure of air in tires

• Pressure of air in tires below norm leads because of increase in resistance of a kacheniye to increase of expenses for increase in fuel consumption and at the increased wear of tires.

Additional consumers

• Inclusion of additional consumers of capacity increases fuel consumption.
• It is necessary to disconnect additional consumers (the conditioner, warmed back glass, additional headlights etc.) if their work is not required.

Automatic transmission

• „Full gas", кикдаун, a choice of a sports mode and excessive manual a rekey of scientific research institute of steps lead to sharp increase of fuel consumption.
• After a choice the D transmission works in an economic mode. It is possible to go by a step of D practically always, by smooth pressing a pedal акселерато ра there is an early switching on transfers to an economical expense.

Luggage carrier on a roof, holders for skis

• A luggage carrier on a roof, holders for skis can increase fuel consumption approximately on 1 l/100 of km at the expense of the increased resistance of air.